The organisation with overall responsibility for the operation of eduroam is GEANT.
GEANT has established a committee to perform global governance, the Global eduroam Governance Committee (GeGC).
GEANT has published a Charter for the GeGC which defines the GeGC role and composition. One of the responsibilities defined for the GeGC is to create the Global eduroam Policy.
The GeGC has created the “eduroam Compliance Statement” (eCS) which National Roaming Operators are required to sign up to in order to be recognised and operate as a country’s NRO. This document may be regarded as the eduroam Global Policy.
The eCS does the following:
Compliance with technical and administrative policies is the basis of trust in an Identity Federation such as eduroam.
eduroam participating institutions constitute an ‘identity federation’, which means that
Another more general term that may be applied to eduroam is ‘trust federation’. The term ‘federation’ means that trust is established between participants on the basis of compliance with agreed policies.
The institutions participating in delivering and using the eduroam service constitute a global ‘trust federation’, hence a global policy has been created and is administered and maintained by the Global eduroam Governance Committee (GeGC). The global policy covers both technical and administrative aspects of the service applying to the National Roaming Operator (NRO) and to institutions. In order to join eduroam as a NRO, the NRO institution must sign the Global Policy. The NRO is responsible for ensuring its member institutions comply with the institutional requirements described in the eduroam Global Policy.
Other examples of global federations used in Research and Education are the International Grid Trust Federation (IGTF) for global access to Grid resources, and the global SAML Federation (eduGAIN) which enables global access to web-based services. The eduroam federation provides a solution to the requirement for global network roaming for users engaged in research and/or education.